Long setup; sorry.
Since Erdoğan came to power, a stronger theocratic mindset has been working its way into the country. I'm not saying everyone was tolerant before him, but I do remember eating dinner in a cafe in İzmir in 2003, and watching two cross-dressing males walking down the street. Apart from a few amused looks, it garnered no attention. Going back to that same city years later, I was alarmed at how many more headscarves I saw on the streets. That sounds simplistic, but in a country where headscarves in government buildings (including universities) used to be against the law, it is a real indication on how the prevailing winds blow. I doubt those cross-dressers would walk so brazenly today.
When we moved to İncirlik, I was warned that the mindset that far east in the country would be less cosmopolitan, more ... Middle Eastern than European. So this story really bothers me: http://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2017/01/09/controversial-turkish-marriage-guide-allows-wife-beating/
ETA: another article with more information - http://m.dw.com/en/turkish-marriage-guide-sparks-controversy/a-37049023
Kütahya is south of İstanbul. Pamukkale is further south, but still considered west.